Closing Down the Downer Loophole
It’s been years in the making, but not a moment too soon, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture has moved one step further on a rule to ban the slaughter of downer veal calves too sick, injured or weak to stand and walk on their own. Federal regulations already prohibit the slaughter of downed adult cattle for human consumption, requiring instead that sick or injured cows be humanely euthanized immediately. But there’s a loophole in the law that excludes calves and allows these young animals to be kept alive in suffering indefinitely, subject to unacceptable and callous cruelty.
This exemption encourages producers to starve newborn calves, denying them basic sustenance for days after they’ve been weaned, since they may yet bring in a buck even if they’re generally too weak to rise. It’s also an incentive for overt abuse, as slaughter plant workers beat, drag and prod the animals to try to get them to stand up and move them into the kill box. These were the very cruelties exposed in an HSUS undercover investigation at a Vermont slaughter plant in 2009, in which infant calves just a few days old—some with their umbilical cords still attached—were kicked, slapped, and repeatedly shocked with electric prods. They came to light once again at a New Jersey slaughter plant earlier this year, when another HSUS investigation revealed plant workers hitting and shocking calves, and dragging them by their tails and with chains around their necks.
In response to a legal petition filed by The HSUS more than four years ago and more than 50,000 public comments voicing support for that petition, the USDA has announced its intent to grant the request. But the administration has yet to propose a formal rule amending the regulations. We’re grateful for the help from many members of Congress who encouraged USDA to get on with the job. In joint letters, 72 members of the House, led by Reps. Grace Meng, D-N.Y., and Carol Shea-Porter, D-N.H., and a dozen Senators, led by Sens. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, and Cory Booker, D-N.J., called on USDA to stop dragging its feet and to prioritize and expedite this rulemaking effort to protect animal welfare and food safety.
It’s just common sense that young, vulnerable calves should have the same protections under the law already given to adult cattle. We are pleased to see USDA moving a step closer on protecting downer veal calves from these terrible abuses. Now it’s time for the Obama administration to finalize the rule and shut down this downer loophole.